Design and implementation of a reconfigurable metasurface antenna

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dc.contributor.supervisor Basutli, Bokamoso
dc.contributor.supervisor Mosalaosi, Modisa Ledimo, Bokamoso Kebatho 2022-11-10T09:40:15Z 2022-11-10T09:40:15Z 2022-05-30
dc.identifier.citation Ledimo,B.K. (2022) Design and implementation of a reconfigurable metasurface antenna, Master's Thesis, Botswana International University of Science and Technology: Palapye en_US
dc.description Thesis(MEng of Engineering in Computer and Telecommunications )--Botswana International University of science and Technology,2022 en_US
dc.description.abstract The use of the millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum and further exploration of sub mmWave has led to a new era in wireless communication, as the need for higher data rates grows. High frequencies, on one hand, incur a higher path loss, requiring an increase in antenna gain requirements. Metasurfaces, which emerge as a promising technology for mitigating path loss effects by utilizing 2D arrays of engineered meta-atoms resembling metamaterials that control the surface’s electromagnetic response has been introduced. Currently, they are primarily considered as passive reflecting devices in wireless communications, assisting conventional transceivers in shaping propagation environments. The work herein presents an alternative application of metasurfaces for wireless communications as active reconfigurable an tennas for next generation transceivers. A framework that demonstrates the design process of a metasurface antenna structure is introduced and further used to design a 4⇥4 array and its reconfigurable counterpart. In contrast to conventional array an tennas, a reconfigurable metasurface (RMS) antenna does not require phase-shifters and amplifiers, hence, leading to a reduction of costs. Instead, each individual element achieves reconfigurability by shifting the resonating frequency using semiconductor devices such as PIN diodes. The proposed metasurface antenna is designed to operate at a frequency of 28 GHz and 40 GHz. The work achieved a return loss of -18.57 dB and -22.0 dB, which indicates good impedance match between transmission line and antenna. In addition, an increase in gain and directivity is observed when diodes are added to the metasurface antenna array. However, as a result of diode losses, the radiation efficiency of the metasurface array decreased. Future directions have been explored that may pave way to present the full potential of active metasurface antennas in upcoming wireless communications. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) en_US
dc.subject Millimeter wave spectrum en_US
dc.subject mmWave en_US
dc.subject Wireless communication en_US
dc.subject Metasurface antenna en_US
dc.subject Intelligent surfaces en_US
dc.subject Computer engineering en_US
dc.subject Electrical engineering en_US
dc.subject Telecommunication engineering en_US
dc.subject Frequency reconfigurable metasurfaces en_US
dc.title Design and implementation of a reconfigurable metasurface antenna en_US
dc.description.level MEng en_US
dc.description.accessibility unrestricted en_US
dc.description.department cte en_US

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