Effect of particle size and alkali-laccase on the properties of pterocarpus angolensis (Mukwa) wood flour

Show simple item record Setswalo, Keagisitswe Oladijo, Oluseyi Philip Namoshe, Molaletsa Akinlabi, Esther Titilayo Mokoba, Matthews 2021-02-17T08:42:51Z 2021-02-17T08:42:51Z 2019
dc.identifier.citation Setswalo, K. et al (2019) Effect of particle size and alkali-laccase on the properties of pterocarpus angolensis (Mukwa) wood flour. Procedia Manufacturing, 35, 465-470, en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2351-9789
dc.description Published by Elsevier B.V. Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of SMPM 2019 en_US
dc.description.abstract The desire for advanced performing renewable materials and friendly to the environment has grown worldwide. Lignocellulosic materials have demonstrated great potential as reinforcing agents in the manufacturing of composite materials. Achieving such materials also depends on the optimization of parameters not limited to particle size, temperature, duration of treatment, manufacturing technique and the type of modification. Laccase enzyme, a biological modification deemed friendly to the environment with the aid of alkali pre-treatment was adopted for removal of hemicellulose and lignin that binds the cellulose fibres together. In this paper, particle sizes between; +100-200 µm, +200-300 µm, +300-425 µm, and +425-710 µm were immersed in 5wt% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration followed by laccase modification. The enzyme activity, temperature and soaking duration were kept constant. The effects resulting from the modifications on the above particle sizes of waste mukwa were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and weight loss assessment. Significant improvements were observed on the untreated fibres. The morphology of modified fibres showed small differences while the crystallinity index revealed noticeable differences between the particle sizes. The surface modifications reduced the weight of the overall particles as impurities were extracted and influenced some functional groups; hydroxyl (-OH), lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose. An improvement was also observed on the thermal stability of the treated fibres. The modifications were more effective on particle size +100-200 μm followed by +200-300 μm while the coarse particles did not show much improvement. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) are thanked for its support financially and technically. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.subject Alkali en_US
dc.subject Hemicellulose en_US
dc.subject Laccase en_US
dc.subject Lignin en_US
dc.subject Pterocarpus angolensis en_US
dc.title Effect of particle size and alkali-laccase on the properties of pterocarpus angolensis (Mukwa) wood flour en_US
dc.description.level phd en_US
dc.description.accessibility unrestricted en_US
dc.description.department cme en_US

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